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S[noun] Modal V[verb] O

  Object focused   Actor focused
1st person
Orang pertama
saya, kami, kita
Object
(noun phrase)
Aux verb / Aspect marker Actor
(noun phrase)
Verb with no prefix Actor
(noun phrase)
Aux verb / Aspect marker Verb

Object
(noun phrase)

2nd person
Orang kedua
anda, kamu, kalian

3rd person
Orang ketiga
Dia, mereka, namanya
Object
(noun phrase)
Aux verb / Aspect marker Verb
di—(kan / i)
diper—(kan / i)
Actor
(noun phrase)

 

Alphabet:

ABeCheDeEeFGeHaIeeJeKaeLeMeNOPeQueReSTeUooVeWeeXYeZet

1 satu
2 dua
3 tiga
4 empat
5 lima
6 enam
7 tujuh
8 delapan
9 sembilan
10 sepuluh
11 sebelas
12 duabelas
13 tigabelas
40 empat puluh
50 lima puluh
60 enam puluh
100 seratus
800 delapan ratus
9000 sembilan ribu
2 000 000 dua juta
Key words
how bagaimana Bagaimana kalau, berapa, berapa lama
what apa apa yang terjadi, maksud saya, maksudnya
when kapan  
where dimana  
why mengapa kenapa (spoken)
do | will apakah Yes / No answer
me(N) prefixes
mem- (p) b v f        
men- (t) d c j sy z    
meng- (k) g h kh vowel
meny- (s)              
me- m n ny ng r l w y
menge- (monosyllabic root)

Note pe(N) prefixes use the same rules.

Prefixes:

pe(N) makes a noun that is: the O that V - eng "er" suffix
me(N) makes an active transitive verb (for atcive sentence AVO) from a noun - to ...
di makes a verb (for passive 3rd perdon sentence OVA) from a noun - Object di... by (oleh) Actor
ber

makes a verb that:

  • has the root attribute
  • is doing
  • is being
  • has
ter
  • superlative - ter— most —, —est, when attached to an adjective (limited to adjectives of 2 sysables and thoes with common meanings) For other adjectives preceed with "yang paling"
  • When attached to a verb it may denote:
    • the state of something. terbuka - in the state of being open
    • that the action was unintentional or accidental
    • inability to do the action - tiduk terlupakan = unforgetable
se one ... - seratus (one hundred), sejuta (one million)

Suffixes:

—an A noun describing an object that is being affected by the action.
Object in a object focused sentence
pe(N)—an the act / action of ...
   
   

 

Agama resmi di Indonesia
Agama Kitah Suci Peminpin Agama Tempat Hbadah Hari Raya
Islam (87.18%) Al-Quran Imam / Ulama Masjid Idul Fitri
Kristen Protestan (6.96%) Al-Kitab Pastur Gereja Netal
Kristen Katolik (2.9%) Al-Kitab Pendeta / Romo Gereja Netal
Hindu (1.9%) Weda Pedanda Pura Nyepi
Buddha (0.76%) Tri-pitaka Biksu Wihara Waisak
Kong hu cu (kurang dari 1%) Sishu wujing Wenshi Klenteng Imlek

Sizes
paling kecil smallest
sangat kecil very small
kecil small
lebih kacil smaller
sedang medium
lebih besar bigger
besar big
sangat besar very big
paling besar biggest
sangat besar sekali really really big

Very = sangat + adj
Very = adj + sekali
banyak = a lot | many | much

Relative times
last year tahun lalu
last month bulan lalu
3 days ago tiga hari lalu
yesterday kemarin
today hari ini
tomorrow besok
3 days in the future tiga hari ke depan (ke required if numerated)
next month bulan depan
next year tahun depan

later today

nanti
later this month nanti bulan ini
later next month nanti bulan depan
Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Inggris
orang-orang people
seseorang a person
seorang ... a … (person e.g. doctor)
seekor … a … (animal)
sebuah … a … (everything else)
dua orang ... 2 … (person e.g. doctor)
dua ekor … 2 … (animal)
dua buah … 2 … (everything else)
diri sendiri oneself

Adalah always precedes noun
Bagus for things and baik for person